Local and Nanoscale Structure in Complex Systems -2001: Santa Fe

Leilani L. Conradson leilani at lanl.gov
Fri Aug 17 13:10:50 CDT 2001

Conference Announcement:

Local and Nanoscale Structure in Complex Systems
16-21 September® Hotel Loretto® Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA

Registration Deadline:  August 31, 2001

Sponsored by:
Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation
Laboratory, and the Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter at
the University of Pennsylvania

Scope and Topics
The scientific motivation for this meeting goes back ten years to the
controversial observation of local lattice distortions in cuprates, which
inspired the Local Lattice Effects in High Temperature Superconductors
conference that was also held in Santa Fe in 1992.  Since then it has been
recognized that these displacements were a manifestation of the "stripes"
that occur in correlated metal oxides.  It is also becoming clear, however,
that such behavior is far from unique.  The spontaneous development of
nanoscale organization coupled to functionality is apparently common to
many types and classes of materials, especially complex ones that exhibit
correlated electron and atom behaviors that are manifested as phase
instabilities and unusual chemical reactivity.  These unusual
characteristics may therefore originate in the interactions between the
resulting differently ordered domains and the attributes of the domain
walls instead of bulk characteristics that assume a periodic lattice.  The
special properties that ensue have generated much of the current interest
in nanoscience.  Since nanoscale structure has always been recognized as
intrinsic to soft matter and biomolecules, many of the ideas and methods
already used in, e.g., biological physics, could be extended to condensed
matter, and vice versa.

It is therefore timely to explore the origins of multiple stable
conformations of atoms, their collective interactions that promote
nanoscale organization, how they influence or even determine functionality,
and the possibility of controlling structure and properties at this level
in all of these classes of materials.  To foster a truly interdisciplinary
meeting the conference sessions will be devoted to common nanoscience
issues instead of the different substantive areas:

® Observations of Nanoscale Structure and Organization: A fundamental
   characteristic of complex systems?
   Alan Bishop, LANL, cochaired by Jose Mustre de Leon, CINVESTAV Merida
® Origins and Organization of Local and Extended Lattice Distortions
   James Phillips, Bell Labs, cochaired by Despina Louca, University of
® Spatial and Temporal Probes, Theory and Experiment
   Dragan Mihailovic, Josef Stefan Institute, cochaired by Richard Lesar, LANL
®Multiple Minima in (Free) Energy Landscapes
   Hans Frauenfelder, LANL, cochaired by Dale Sayers, North Carolina State
®Multiscale Organization and Functionality: Consequences for Macroscopic
   Properties and Phase Stability
    Dick Siegel, Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute, cochaired by Art
Ramirez, LANL
® Technological Implications and Structural and Synthetic Control
   Martha Krebs, California Nanoscience Institute UCLA, cochaired by Robin
   IBM Almaden Research Center

Conference Format
Speakers will be asked to address these topics via their recent work using
a more detailed description of the salient issues for each topic compiled
by the session chairs.  In addition to this introduction, each session will
end with a discussion period, and ample time will be available for the
participants to meet informally.  Another factor that we believe will
encourage success is that, as a "bottom up" rather than "top down"
conference, the motivation and emphasis will utilize a pragmatic approach
to "complexity" based on actual examples and work.  Relevant classes of
materials include correlated and transformational crystalline solids, mixed
valence oxides and alloys, catalysts, polymers and other soft or molecular
compounds, proteins, actinides and other f-electron systems,
semiconductors, photoexcited transformational compounds, and fabricated

There will also be a special session honoring Jim Krumhansl's eighth decade.

 Special Session Honoring James Krumhansl
"My 50 Years in Physics: What's Next?"

Neil Ashcroft 		Cornell University and Cambridge University
Gerhard Barsch 		Pennsylvania State University
Alan Bishop 		Los Alamos National Laboratory
Eli Burstein		University of Pennsylvania

The range of expertise of the chairs, speakers, and other registered
participants will foster debate towards the resolution of many specific
nanoscience and complex materials issues:
®Diffuse scattering analysis, PDF, and XAFS as means for total structure
®The coupling of local atomic and electronic structure.
®Energetics and dynamics of multi-conformational systems.
®Multiple nanoscale component engines as drivers functionality in complex
®Application of energy landscape approaches to crystalline materials.
®Finite temperature thermodynamics on multiple scales.
®Non (or local) -equilibrium synthetic approaches.

Speakers include:

Phillip Allen		SUNY Stonybrook
	Self-Trapped States in Insulators with Charge, Spin, or Orbital Order
Anna Balazs		University of Pittsburgh
	Predicting the Mesophases of Copolymer/Nanoparticle Composites
Bruce Begg		Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization
	Interesting Phenomena Related to Local Chemistry and Structure in
Actinide-Bearing Waste
Antonio Bianconi	Universita di Roma "La Sapienza"
	High Tc Superconducting Phase in Complex Systems Driven by the
Punit Boolchand	University of Cincinatti
	Self-Organization in Network Glasses
Frank Bridges		University of California,  Santa Cruz
	Extended Correlations of Local Atomic Displacements
Matthias Buck		Sloan-Kettering Institute
	Protein Functional Dynamics and Conformational Change
Annette Bussman-Holder	Max Plank Institute for Solid State Research
	Dynamic Stripe Formation in HTSC
L. Rene Corrales	Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
	Clustering in Lanthanide Alkali Silicate Glasses
Jure Demsar		Josef Stefan Institute
	Femtosecond Spectroscopy of Self-Assembling Inhomogeneous Strongly
Correlated Electron
Daniel Dessau		University of Colorado
Takeshi Egami		University of Pennsylvania
Christopher Hammel	Los Alamos National Laboratory
Robert Heffner		Los Alamos National Laboratory
Masura Ichikawa 	Catalyst Research Center Hokkaido University
	Catalysis by Low Dimensional Metals: Nano-Particles and Wires of
Metal and Alloy and their
	 Hybrid Catalysis
Viktor Kabanov
Hiroshi Kamimura	Science University of Tokyo
	A Novel Approach to the Metallic State of Cuprates
Dorothee Kern		Brandeis University
	Enzymes and Signaling Proteins in Action: Conformational Substates
and their Interactions
James Krumhansl	Dartmouth College
	Foundations of Local and Nanoscale Structures in Complex Systems
Alan Scott Lea		Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Leslie Kuhn		Michigan State University
	Protein Unfolding: Rigidity Lost
Gerry Lander		Materials Science & Technology, LANL
Alessandra Lanzara	Stanford University
	Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy of High Temperature
Takashi Mizokawa
	Electron-Lattice Coupling in 3d Transition-Metal Oxides Probed by
Photoemission and X-ray
	 Absorption Spectroscopy
Hiroyuki Oyanagi	National Institute of Advanced Science and Technology
	Photo-Induced Nanodomains in Spin-Crossover Complex Probed by X-ray
Fritz Parak		Technischen Universitat Munchen
	Nanoscale Structures and Biology
Wolfgang Parak		University of California,  Berkeley
	Biological Applications of Nanocrystals
Atul Parikh 		University of California,  Davis
	Spontaneous Emergence of Nanoscale Ordering in Surfactant-Templated
Thin Film Silica
Stuart Parkin		IBM Almaden Research Center
Victor Perebeinos	Brookhaven National Laboratory
	Jahn-Teller Instability in Charged Metallo-porphyrins and Benzene
Molecules: Predictions
	Using Density Functional Theory
Antonio Redondo	Los Alamos National Laboratory
	What is the Status of Multiscale Modeling Approaches?
Naurang Saini		Universita di Roma "La Sapienza"
	Local Structural Distortions and Superconductivity in Perovskites
and Intermetallics
Sunil Sinha		University of California,  San Diego
	Synchrotron Studies of Lattice Distortion Effects in the Manganite
and Cuprate Materials
Robb Thomson		National Institute of Standards and Technology
	Metal Deformation as a Complex System
Michael Thorpe		Michigan State University
	The Energy Landscape of Molecules and Proteins Explored by
Constraint Theory
Sarah Tolbert		University of California,  Los Angeles
	Understanding phase stability and rigidity at the nanometer scales
in periodic silica/surfactant
	composite materials
Chang-Shung Tung	Los Alamos National Laboratory
T. Richard Welberry	Australian National University
	Diffuse X-Ray Scattering and Strain Effects in Disordered Crystals
Yizhak Yacoby		Racah Institute of Physics
	Direct Structure Determination of Systems with 2 Dimensional
Todd Yeates		University of California,  Los Angeles
Christopher Yip		University of Toronto
	Directing Protein Assembly at Interfaces: Balancing Electrostatic
and Hydrophobic Forces

Late Registration, please contact leilani at lanl.gov

Registration, technical and administrative contacts, and other information
may be found on the website.

Leilani L. Conradson
G. T. Seaborg Institute
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos, NM  87545

Phone: (505)667-6963
Fax:  (505)665-7895
E-mail: leilani at lanl.gov

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